Many have heard of file systems like FAT16, FAT32 and NTFS. A few would have also heard of the less popular ones like exFAT, HFS+, ext4, etc. But what exactly are they all about and why should you care?

Basically, what all these file systems do, according to Wikipedia, is organize data expected to be retained after a program terminates by providing procedures to store, retrieve and update data as well as manage the available space on the device(s) which contain it.

Most times, the file system you are familiar with, is dependent on the type of Operating system you run on your PC.

The following is a brief run down of popular file system formats and their properties;

FAT32 (File Allocation Table)

NTFS (Windows NT File System)

HFS+ (Hierarchical File System, a.k.a. Mac OS Extended)

exFAT (FAT64)

EXT4

Ok, Enough Of The Stats! Why Should I Care?!

The highlights below are some points to guide you in the choice of filesystem you should adopt for your hard drives or external cards:

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